تحليل واقع النشاط الصناعي في ناحية الكرادة الشرقية باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية

 

 تحليل واقع النشاط الصناعي 
في ناحية الكرادة الشرقية
باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية




رسالة تقدم بها الطالب

ياسر ماجد درجال


إلى مجلس كلية الآداب - الجامعة العراقية

وهي جزء من متطلبات نيل شهادة الماجستير آداب 

في الجغرافية


بإشراف 

الأستاذ المساعد الدكتور 

سلام خميس غربي



1442هـ - 2020م

تحليل واقع النشاط الصناعي في ناحية الكرادة الشرقية باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية - ياسر ماجد درجال - رسالة ماجستير 2020م





The Analysis of the Reality of the Industrial Activity in AL-Karaada AL-Sharqiya Area with the Employment of Geographic Information System



A Thesis Submitted By

Yasir Majid Drjal

To the Council of the College of Arts/ AL-Iraqia University as Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Geography


Supervised By:

Assistant Professor Doctor

Salam Khamees Gharbi


2020 A.D - 1442 A.H




تحليل واقع النشاط الصناعي في ناحية الكرادة الشرقية باستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية - ياسر ماجد درجال - رسالة ماجستير 2020م



Abstract


  The study was carried out so as to highlight the reality of the industrial activity of AL-Karaada AL-Sharqiya Area in 2019 and exploring the spatial distribution of big and medium industrial facilities and building a comprehensive data base of industrial geography not to mention shedding lights on the role of the available geographical resources because they were the most important reasons of the development of the reality of the industrial activity as well as discovering the problems and obstacles faced by them and means of addressing them.

  The study depended on several approaches represented by regional approach in selecting the area of the study and analytical and descriptive approaches in analyzing the inputs by counting on the signals of the study (the number of facilities, number of workers, the annual wages of workers) on the of industrial sectors and administrative units of the area as well as relying on the historical approach in unveiling the development of the industrial activity in AL-Karrada AL-Sharqiya Area.

  The study showed that the industrial activity had a historical presence in AL-Karrada AL-Sharqiya area and it is dated back to the beginning of the twentieth century when simple crafts and profession were dominated before the entrance of British forces to Iraq in (1917).
It also discovered that the number of the big and medium industrial facilities in (2019) were (125) industrial facilities including (58) big facilities and (67) medium ones. They are available in this area as a result of the availability of a number of criteria that contributed to attracting industries. The spatial distribution of the industrial facilities showed that (38.4%) of big and medium industries concentrated on the industrial zone in AL-Zafaraniya area where the number of its industrial facilities were (48) different industrial facilities controlled (31.1%) of the labor forces. Besides, the total workers are (3987) workers working in the industrial activities of the said area. Also, the wages of all workers were (37665) millions and the ratio represents (33.6%) of the annual total wages of workers in the area.

   Following the analysis of the industrial structure of AL-Karrada AL-Sharqiya area, it was found out that there were six different industrial sectors whose activities were deeply rooted in the area. In other words, there is a diversity of the industrial activity and this was the result of the study following applying the statistical procedures like Industrial Specialization procedure and (Gibbs - Martin) Guide of the indicator of the number of workers which reached (0.07). And the industrial activity witnessed several contrastive problems, the most influential one was the lack of government support, problems of energy and fuel as well as difficulty of marketing and competing with other industries abroad. The study was concluded by presenting a number of suggestions that can tackle the problems, the most important ones are the necessity of getting the real government support for local industries, protecting the national product and mitigating all obstacles faced by the industries so as to develop them and compete with others internationally.







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