A Multi-scale Analysis of Urban Warming in Residential Areas of a Latin American City: The Case of Mérida, Mexic
James J. Biles and David S. Lemberg
Journal of Planning Education and Research,00(0),June 11, 2020, 1–16
Abstract: This study represents a novel attempt to analyze the relationship between Latin American city structure and residential-scale ambient temperatures. Using statistical analysis, we assess the relationship between type of residential zone, vegetation coverage, and housing and lot characteristics and ambient temperatures in residential areas of a large, subtropical city. We find lower temperatures in two residential areas, as well as an association between vegetation coverage and in situ characteristics. We conclude that the factors contributing to urban warming are a legacy of the study area’s unique historical geography; consequently, policy recommendations must be place-specific, integrating meso, micro, and in situ factors.
Keywords: housing policy, Mexico, spatial planning, urban development, urban warming Calentamiento urbano, América Latina, México, desarrollo urbano, política de vivienda